INSTRUCTIONS TO CONTRIBUTORS
SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS
All manuscripts must be submitted to http://www.edmgr.com/ccm/
and should generally be no more than 10,000 words in length (plus figures and
tables). Authors of larger manuscripts should contact the Editor for advice. In
the submittal letter, authors must state that the manuscript has not been
published, is not currently submitted for publication elsewhere, wholly or in
part, nor will be submitted elsewhere while in the review process for CLAYS AND CLAY MINERALS. The letter must
also state that all authors have seen and approved the final version of the
manuscript. Contributions may be (1) papers on original research or reviews on
subjects of interest to the international community of clay scientists, (2)
letters to the editor commenting on papers published, (3) editorial comment or
comments by other Society officers, or (4) comments on matters having to do
with clays or other fine-grained minerals. Letters to the editor and other
comments should occupy no more than one printed page. Unsolicited book reviews
are not to be submitted. Authors are encouraged to suggest potential reviewers
(include e-mail addresses).
The title page should include in the following
order: manuscript title, full names of authors, addresses of institutions of
authors, a shorter running title not exceeding 72 characters including spaces,
any footnotes to the title or author data, the name and complete mailing and
e-mail addresses of the person to whom correspondence and page proofs should be
sent, and the e-mail address of the corresponding author.
All manuscripts (except letters and comments) must contain an
informative abstract that is a condensation of the essential ideas and results
of the paper, and not a list of the subjects covered in the text. Abstracts
must clearly state the problem being addressed by the study, objective, materials
and methods used, results and main observations, and conclusions in such a
manner that they can be used by current-awareness publications and other
information-retrieval systems. Do not repeat information given in the title,
copy verbatim the Conclusions section of the paper, or reference the literature,
tables, or figures in the Abstract. Abstracts should not exceed 300 words.
List up to ten Key Words in alphabetical order for subject indexing.
FORM OF MANUSCRIPT
Manuscripts must be double-spaced on standard 8.5 x
11 inch pages. Use wide margins of at least 1 inch and a font size of 12
points. Do not right-justify type. CLAYS
AND CLAY MINERALS welcomes manuscripts from all countries, but the texts
must be in English. All submitted manuscripts should have been reviewed by a
colleague for whom English is a first language. Pages are to be numbered.
End-of-line hyphens should be avoided.
Text must be in a concise and readily
understandable style (see “style” section below). Sufficient detail must be
included to enable other investigators to repeat the work. However, extremely
detailed technical descriptions of the methods used should only be given when
such methods are not published elsewhere or represent a new approach.
Contributors may indicate the approximate position desired within the text for
each figure and table, but figures and tables must be provided separately.
Style and Nomenclature
The style guide is The Chicago Manual of
Style. New mineral names require the approval of the IMA Commission on
New Mineral Names. Mineral nomenclature and terminology must conform to IMA,
CMS Nomenclature Committee, and AIPEA Nomenclature Committee guidelines. SI
units are mandatory, but angstrom (Å) and bar (b) may be used also if usage is
consistent within the manuscript. Footnotes should be used sparingly. For the
first time an acronym (e.g. TEM) is used (both in the Abstract and in the Text),
spell in full and place the acronym in parentheses. Thereafter, use the acronym
only. Polytype symbols (e.g. muscovite--2M1)
should have the letter only in italics. Latin terms (e.g., etc., et al.,
i.e.) are in italics. The symbols ‘‘M’’ for ‘‘molar’’ and ‘‘N’’ for
‘‘normal’’ are not italic. Use I-S and not I/S for illite-smectite
interstratification. Use d001 where 1 is a number,
but d00l where l is a letter, in this case
"el". Use “sheet,” not “layer,” when referring to the octahedral or
tetrahedral sheet; use “layer,” not “sheet,” when referring to the unit
obtained with the unification of the tetrahedral and octahedral sheets. Use “organo-clay” rather than “organoclay”
or “organo clay.”
The Editor-in-Chief further emphasizes the
following points of style:
A comma must be inserted before
“and” or “or” when three or more items are listed in a series. If series are
nested, semi-colons should be used to separate the items in the first-level
Avoid writing in the first person,
i.e., avoid using personal pronouns
I, we, our, my, etc.
Avoid starting a sentence with
“it” (unless “it” clearly refers to an antecedent noun) or “there” and avoid
using phrases like “there is,” “there are,” “there was,” “there were,” “there
has,” “there have,” “it is/was/has” (unless “it” clearly refers to an
antecedent noun), “it seems/appears/. . . ,” etc. While spoken and casual English
use these phrases extensively, scientifically written English should be more
Generally speaking, use “since”
only when referring to time rather than as a conjunction in place of “because.”
Use American English spellings.
Examples: aluminum, not aluminium; color, not colour;
behavior, not behaviour; stabilize, not stabilise; acknowledgments, not acknowledgements; etc.
Use past tense verbs when
describing methods, observations, results, and conclusions; use present tense only
when referring to something that is widely accepted or generally considered to
When referring to States or
Provinces, spell out the name rather than using postal code abbreviations
(e.g., Illinois, not IL), unless it is a specific postal address being given
(e.g., Urbana, IL 61801 USA).
When reporting experimental data
that are listed in a table or displayed in a figure, the preferred style is to
describe the data, but identify the corresponding table or figure using
parentheses instead of explicitly within the sentence. For example:
“Experimental measurements of x (Figure A) revealed that . . . .”; rather than,
“Experimental measurements of x are given in Figure A. These results revealed
that . . . .”
When using qualifying words, such
as “however,” “therefore,” etc., insert this word within the sentence rather
than beginning the sentence with it.
The abbreviation “ca.” (abbreviation
for circa) refers to time, not to
If using “either,” use “or,” if
using “neither,” combine with “nor.”
Don’t begin a sentence with a
number (e.g., use “Twenty” instead of
Be careful to match the number
(singular vs. plural) of articles, subjects, and verbs.
When referring to an element that
may exist in more than one oxidation state, and the oxidation state is being
specified, use the superscript Arabic valence number, e.g., Fe3+; if
in a complex or solid state, use the Roman Numeral in parentheses, e.g.,
(INTRODUCTION, DISCUSSION, etc.) are in all capital lettering and centered on
the page. Second-order headings should be in lower case, italicized, and placed
at the left-hand margin of the page. Third-order headings are italicized and
placed at the beginning of the paragraph.
Chemical and mathematical
equations are to be set from the text above and below by centering on the line,
provided with a sequence number in parentheses, such as (1), and with each new
symbol defined immediately below in the text.
References are cited in
the text by the name of the author and the year of publication, e.g. Noh (1998)
or Brandt and Kydd (1998). For references with more
than two authors, use ‘‘et al." as in White et al.
(1992). Citations in parentheses must include a comma, e.g. (White et al.,
Full references are listed alphabetically by author at the end of the paper and
with the year in parentheses. For several publications of an author with
different co-authors the following order must be followed: (a) publications of
the author alone, in chronological order; (b) publications of the author with a
single co-author, in alphabetical order of co-authors; (c) publications of the
author with more than one co-author, in chronological order (as they are cited
in the form ‘Jones et al.‘ in the text). The name of the author is
given surname first, followed by a comma and the initials, with each initial
followed by a period and without a space between initials. Do not abbreviate
journal names. Volume numbers are in bold. For example:
Jahren, J.S. (1991) Evidence of Ostwald ripening related recrystallizations of chlorites from reservoir rocks
offshore Norway. Clay Minerals, 26, 169–178.
Koizumi, M. and Roy, R. (1959) Synthetic montmorillonoids with variable exchange capacity. American
Mineralogist, 44, 788–805.
Reynolds, R.C. (1980) Interstratified clay
minerals. Pp. 249–303 in: Crystal Structures of Clay Minerals and
Their X-ray Identification (G.W. Brindley and G. Brown, editors). Monograph
5, Mineralogical Society, London.
Weaver, C.E. and Pollard, L.D. (1973) The
Chemistry of Clay Minerals. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Kalt, A. (1968) Une silice hydratée
structure, propriétés chimiques.
Ph.D. thesis, Univ. Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France, 197 pp.
Personal communications or
other unpublished observations may be cited in the text, such as: (J. Jones,
pers. comm., 1996) or (J. Jones, unpublished data, 1996). These citations
should not be included in the reference list, but the address of the person
(e.g. J. Jones) referred to in the communication may be given in the
Acknowledgments at the discretion of the author.
TABLES AND ILLUSTRATIONS
Figures and tables should be kept to a minimum and
will only be published if essential. Authors should use footnotes to the tables
to provide ancillary information rather than add such text to the title.
Figures: (i) line art should be black on a white
background. Authors should give some consideration to the size of the lettering
used because most figures are reduced for publication. Times New Roman and
Helvetica, or equivalent typefaces, must be used for the lettering on the
figures. Unless absolutely necessary, italic or bold characters should be
avoided. Adjacent gray scales should differ by at least 20% to ensure
sufficient contrast; (ii) half-tone plates (photographs) should be submitted as
greyscale tiff images. The standard of all the
figures must be equivalent to that of a professional draftsman or photographer.
Unsatisfactory diagrams will be returned to authors for redrawing. Authors must
submit electronic versions of figures.
The units on the axis labels of figures should
follow the axis label and be enclosed in parentheses, e.g., “Axis Label (units)”, not “Axis Label/units.”
Specific instructions for
electronic forms of artwork
following formats are acceptable: .tif, .bmp, .eps, .ai (Adobe Illustrator) and
.cdr (Corel Draw). Do not send figures
which are embedded in MS-Word or other Microsoft files.
diagrams must be saved as 1-bit, i.e. bitmapped, or as vector images. Drawings
which include grey shading must be saved as greyscale images. Photographs
(otherwise known as halftones) must be saved as greyscale images. Unless the
editor has agreed with the author that colour publication is essential, and a
means of paying for reproduction of the image in color
has been confirmed, do not save your files as color
images. This makes the files unnecessarily large. If we are to print a figure
in color, use CYMK as the colour type rather than
diagrams and greyscale drawings must have a resolution of at least 600 dpi.
Photographs (halftones) must have a resolution of at least 300 dpi. (This
applies whether color is involved or not.)
in mind that the physical size of reproduction of an image and its resolution
work hand in hand. An image which has a resolution of 600 dpi, but which is
saved at 2 cm wide, will only have a resolution of 120 dpi if it is to be
published at 10 cm width.
legends and other labeling on figures, use Arial or
similar sans-serif font. Keep in mind the final size of reproduction of the
figure when choosing the font size, i.e. make sure that the final size will be
neither too big nor too small, and try to achieve some consistency between each
of your figures. Do not use italic for anything other than variables. Do not
italicize Greek letters.
creating your e-files remember to embed all fonts in all figures (e.g. in Corel
Draw and Adobe Illustrator). If you don’t, we won’t be able to read any text
you add to the figures unless your fonts match exactly those we have on our
if the images you send do not look clear and sharp to you, they won’t be usable
for publication. If you are unable to match these instructions exactly and
produce clear sharp images at the appropriate resolution etc., then please
arrange, at an early stage, to create high-quality printed versions of your figures
(print them from the original software in which they were created on
high-quality glossy paper) and send separately, to the editor.
Manuscripts submitted to
the CLAYS AND CLAY MINERALS are
normally reviewed by two or more referees, an Associate Editor, the Managing
Editor, and the Editor-in-Chief.
The final version of all
manuscripts must be accompanied by files in appropriate formats. Microsoft Word¨
is the preferred format for the text and tables. Native CorelDraw (CDR), Adobe
Illustrator (AI), bitmap (TIF), and Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) formats are
acceptable for illustrations.
As a result of the U.S.
copyright law effective January 1, 1978, a condition of publication is that
the authors or their employers grant in writing to THE CLAY MINERALS SOCIETY
the copyright to the manuscript, unless the work has been done for the
U.S. Government. Copyright forms will be mailed at the time of manuscript
acceptance or are available from the Editorial Office upon request. All authors
must sign the copyright form, unless their employer will hold the copyright.
Authors (or employers, as applicable) will retain all proprietary rights other
than copyright, such as patent rights and the right to use all or part of the
manuscript in future non-journal works of their own, such as lectures, reviews,
textbooks, or books of reprints.
Page proofs will be sent
to the author specified on the title page. Authors will be billed at
cost for all page proof alterations, other than printers’ errors.
Proofs must be returned within 48 hours of receipt.
A reprint (offprint) order form will be sent with
the page proofs. Orders for reprints must be received prior to printing of the
Issue in which the work is included.