Clays and clay minerals journal
The JOURNAL publishes articles of interest to the international community of clay scientists, including but not limited to areas in mineralogy, crystallography, geology, geochemistry, sedimentology, soil science, agronomy, physical chemistry, colloid chemistry, ceramics, petroleum engineering, foundry engineering, and soil mechanics. Clays and Clay Minerals exists to disseminate to its worldwide readership the most recent developments in all of these aspects of clay materials. Manuscripts are welcome from all countries.

Clays and Clay Minerals is the official publication of The Clay Minerals Society. The Editor-in-Chief is Professor Joseph W. Stucki. Contact him at jstucki@illinois.edu

You can view the full list of Editorial Board Members here.
  • Clays and Clay Minerals Archives

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    Abstracts and full text copies of all articles published in Clays and Clay Minerals from 1956 through 2001 are available online at no charge to members and non-members.

    A copy of the 1956-2001 archive on DVD may be purchased from the society.

    Articles published from 2002 to the present are available from Ingenta at no charge to members. They may be purchased by non-members and institutions. GSW provides copies of articles from 1975.

    Data and other materials deposited in support of published articles may be obtained from the Journal Deposits.

  • Volunteer to Review

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    The peer-review process is critical to the success of our journal. Detailed, impartial reviews insure the accuracy and reliability of articles published in Clays and Clay Minerals.

    Individuals willing to assist with reviewing are invited to volunteer by sending a letter of interest detailing their academic credentials and areas of expertise to the Editor-in-Chief.


    Joseph W. Stucki, Editor-in-Chief
    Natural Resources & Environmental Sciences
    University of Illinois
    W-321 Turner Hall
    1102 South Goodwin Avenue
    Urbana, IL 61801 U.S.A.
    Tel. 217-333-9636
    Fax: 217-244-7805
    E-mail: jstucki@illinois.edu Mail to Editor-in-Chief
    https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/jstucki/www

  • CCM Open Access and Self- Archiving Archives

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    For CMS, the term 'open-access' means the full text of an article in the journal is made available free of charge to anyone from the moment it is published. CMS will provide open-access to any article posted on the CMS website, on its Ingenta-hosted site, or on GeoScience World for which an author pays the $250 per page creation cost. The author can link to this free-access article from any other site.

    The term `Self-archiving’ means the article is posted and made available on another institution's website, free of charge. CMS will provide a pdf file for self-archiving of any article for which an author pays the $250 per page creation cost. The organization is encouraged to link to the article on the CMS site, rather than hosting the file themselves.

    Full details of the Society's E-publication policy are available at Electronic Policy.

  • Get permission to use CMS Copyrighted material

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    The Clay Minerals Society (CMS) owns the copyright on all material published in Clays and Clay Minerals, and The Clay Minerals Society Workshop Volumes. Works prepared by U.S. government employees in the course of their work are in the public domain and are not copyrighted by CMS.

    CMS obtains copyright ownership from authors as a professional service. CMS's holding of the copyright centralizes the process and allows permission to be given even if the author(s) can no longer be located. This also prevents materials from becoming unusable by the community because of uncertainty about who holds the copyright. Anyone wanting to reproduce articles, figures, tables, etc. need only contact CMS for permission to do so. There is no charge for reproducing materials in most cases.

    For a more detailed explanation of our copyright policy, visit this page.

  • Institutional Subscriptions

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    Year 2017
    (The below information and any other information about the Clay Minerals Society can be found at www.clays.org)

    Volume number: Volume 65 will be published in 2017. Subscriptions are by calendar year (January 1 – December 31), but can start anytime during the year. Subscribers whose payments are received in mid-year will have all back issues sent to them.

    Frequency: – The Clays and Clay Minerals (C&CM) journal will be published 3 times a year in paper copy. April (issues 1 &2), August (issues 3 & 4) and December (issues 5 & 6). On-line issues are available in 6 issues: February (1), April (2), June (3), August (4), October (5), December (6). Average weight of an issue is 1 lb. or 0.4 kg


    Institutional Subscription Rates

     volume 65 (2017)
     volume 64 (2016)
     volume 63 (2015)
     volume 62 (2014)
    US
    addresses
    US $625.00
    US $570.00
    US $540.00
    US $510.00
    non-US
    addresses
    US $685.00
    US $625.00
    US $595.00
    US $560.00

    *The on-line only rate for US and non-US is $480.

    Personal Subscription Rates: https://cms.clays.org/membership.html Personal subscription rates are only available to members of the Society for their own use. Agencies can pay dues and subscriptions for members if accompanied by the membership application or a renewal form.

    Agency discount: None

    Postage: Subscription rates include shipping by periodical mail (US addresses) or International Surface Air Lift (ISAL) (non-US addresses).

    Payment terms: Subscriptions must be paid in advance. Pro Forma invoices can be sent if required. Payment may be made by check money order, UNESCO coupons, or Visa, Master Card, Discover, or American Express credit card.

    Checks should be made payable to The Clay Minerals Society. The checks need to be in U.S. dollars, drawn on an U.S. bank, and have electronically readable routing and account information on the check.

    For customers paying by bank draft, overseas money order, electronic transfer, or by any other indirect payment transfer: (1) Please include your name or our invoice number in the transfer advice to allow proper crediting of your account. (2) CMS will not accept any transfers that do not equal the amount due. This means that you must prepay any fees, otherwise the bank or third party will subtract them from your remittance. Have your bank transfer directly to CMS's bank to avoid processing fees deducted by intermediate banks. If you do not prepay the fees, or your bank cannot transfer directly, please add US $35.00 to the amount of your invoice to cover these bank fees. CMS cannot be responsible for currency sent through the mails.

    Ordering address:
    The Clay Minerals Society
    Dues & Subscriptions
    3635 Concorde Pkwy Ste 500
    Chantilly VA 20151-1110 USA
    U.S.A.

    Tel: +1 (703) 652-9960
    Fax: +1 (703) 652-9951
    e-mail: cms@clays.org


    Cancellations: Subscription cancellations are accepted anytime, but credit is not given for the remaining issues.

    Electronic Access: Clays and Clay Minerals is available in electronic form as part of the annual subscription. The online version contains all the material of the print version. Access is available through Ingenta and GeoScience World.

    Claims: Claims for replacement copies will be honored if the request is received within 120 days of the mailing date. An issue of the journal is generally mailed the month of its cover date.
    If we begin to record an excessive number of claims for an account, we will request that the correctness of the mailing address and the receiving procedures be checked and verified. If losses continue at a high rate after that, then, for any future claims for the same issues, replacements will not be sent until a more secure address is provided to us. If the same address is to be used, we will ask for payment for any claim issues sent to it.

    Back Issues: Back issues of the journal for the years 2014-1016 are available (Volumes 62-64) are available from the Society. Please contact us for availability and costs. Older volumes are available from Periodicals Service Company, 11 Main Street, Germantown, NY 12526, Ph: 518-537-4700, Fax: 518-537-5899, E-mail: psc@periodicals.com, webpage: http://www.backsets.com. For individual articles or abstracts, contact the Linda Hall Library, or ISI Document Solutions. A list of other possible suppliers is available at http://www.library.vcu.edu/tml/docsupp/. The Copyright Clearance Center can assist with copyright compliance needs.

  • Submission Guidelines

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    All manuscripts must be submitted to http://www.edmgr.com/ccm/ but read our instructions to authors (below) first.

    These instructions were last updated in May 2015.

    You can download this document here.

    INTRODUCTION

    There are many important points which authors must bear in mind before submitting a paper for publication to any journal.

    What is the scientific novelty? What are you, the author, saying that hasn’t been said before, and does your work warrant publication in the journal to which you are submitting it?

    How should the author divide up the paper into sections (Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, etc.) and what should appear in each section?

    What does the journal demand in terms of language? Editors should be allowed to focus on scientific content, and not be forced to read material in which the language is not of appropriate quality.

    What are the journal’s requirements in terms of layout (including headings, citations, references, etc.)

    What is the standard of artwork needed?

    The pages which follow explain all of the points expected of authors before in preparation for submission of their manuscripts to Clays and Clay Minerals. Many papers are returned to authors one or more times before they enter the peer review system. Attention to the details in the paragraphs below will help to avoid such delays for your manuscript.

    ORGANIZATION OF MANUSCRIPTS

    Regarding the organization of the scientific content in the manuscript, overall, please read the superb “recipe” for a good manuscript written by former editor, the late Fred Mumpton:
    Mumpton, F.A. (1990) The Universal Recipe or How to Get Your Manuscript Accepted by Persnickety Editors. Clays and Clay Minerals, 38, 631–636. It is available at: http://www.clays.org/journal/archive/volume%2038/38-6-631.pdf

    Once you have read it, follow its outstanding guidance. Specific matters that should be considered in preparing a manuscript for its first submission are highlighted in the following numbered items.

    1. Clear identification of scientific novelty in Introduction (Statement of Purpose): Before a manuscript can be sent out for review, it must identify the novelty of the work reported in terms of advancing the frontiers of clay science. A successful manuscript should clearly identify what is new and scientifically significant about the work presented. Authors should clearly state the aim of this study (i.e., what problem is being solved, etc.). This will help readers to understand the scientific novelty of the study reported in the manuscript. Authors need to show (state clearly) how this study differs from past studies of similar clay mineral phenomena. The Introduction of the paper should define the scope of the problem to be solved by the work presented. The Introduction should provide background explaining what problem is being solved, or what gap in existing scientific-community understanding as reported in the literature is being filled, by the work reported in the paper. The Introduction should briefly explain why this problem is not already solved or why the solution in this manuscript is better than previous solutions in some specified important way. A summary of previous work followed only by a statement that the present manuscript reports an increment of continued work along a similar direction is generally not sufficient justification for the present manuscript – a successful manuscript requires a specific statement of a specific reason that the specific continuation of previous work reported in the manuscript is required. If the purpose is primarily to describe a local deposit, then either the paper belongs in a local or regional journal or the manuscript needs to better explain the scientific novelty of the work. The Introduction should answer for readers the following questions: Is this a deposit that has significant potential to change our understanding about the existence and or igin of this kind of natural material, or does it only confirm that it is much like others that have been characterized and it is just adding information about this particular deposit? How does the detailed study of this unit advance scientific understanding beyond merely characterizing this locally economically important unit? If there is no larger scientific significance, then specifically how does the characterization reported improve the use of the resource? A description of a deposit that does not have international or global significance for understanding that type of deposit is not sufficient for an international journal. Is the work reported a process that has significant potential to change scientific or applied approaches to this kind of material? What can the community do better after the work reported here than it could do without this work? Specifically how does the process reported in this manuscript improve upon prior art?

    2. Abstract: One or two sentences at the beginning of the Abstract should state the problem being addressed in this study, and its objective. (This statement-of-problem is to be a condensation of a more complete statement of background and problem as presented in the Introduction section.) All manuscripts (except letters and comments) must contain an informative abstract that is a condensation of the essential ideas and results of the paper, and not a list of the subjects covered in the text. Abstracts must clearly and briefly state the problem being addressed by the study, objective, materials and methods used, results and main observations, and conclusions in such a manner that they can be used by current-awareness publications and other information-retrieval systems. Do not repeat information given in the title, copy verbatim the Conclusions section of the paper, or reference the literature, tables, or figures in the Abstract. It should not be subdivided into more than one paragraph. Abstracts should not exceed 300 words.

    3. The Introduction should set the stage for the Discussion and Conclusions sections: Once the Introduction and statement of purpose have been written (as discussed above), the Discussion and, especially, the Conclusions, should clearly and explicitly link the outcomes of the research with the identified gap in community understanding as identified in the Introduction.

    4. A successful primary research manuscript should clearly distinguish conclusions arrived at as a result of this work from those arrived at from previous work. Discussion, inferences, and conclusions must be clear, and the conclusions should draw on the results and discussion of this paper, not on the introduction section and previous papers. If the previously published work is sufficient to be the main foundation for the current conclusions, there needs to be a compelling new reason to publish the results and ideas being written about.

    5. Only results necessary to arrive at novel conclusions should be presented, discussed, and used as a basis for interpretation. Inconclusive or non-essential results (statements that are true but not essential to the inferences and conclusions) should be excluded, and not included simply because the work was done. The only permissible exception to this exclusion is if it is important to include such information to show both (1) that these observations of these materials resemble observations of similar materials by similar methods, and (2) that this similarity is scientifically important.

    6. Successful manuscripts should be specific and detailed in discussing Methods, Results, and the basis for drawing inferences in the Discussion. Methods must be thoroughly described. Results and Discussion should be separate sections – a Results section describing the observations upon which the inferences are based, and a Discussion section drawing inferences from the observations and articulating the implications of the inferences for the literature. The Abstract and Conclusions should address briefly the findings thoroughly described and discussed elsewhere in the text, especially in the Results and Discussion.

    7. The Conclusion, sections: The Conclusion should (1) summarize the most significant interpretations, outcomes, and implications for the literature, from the Discussion; (2) identify how the results of the present manuscript differ from or add to the previous papers about the studied phenomenon that were cited in the Introduction; and (3) clearly distinguish conclusions arrived at as a result of this work from those arrived at from previous work. The Conclusions are not an appropriate place to introduce new information that should be in the Background or Discussion. It is acceptable to include a statement that future work is required and to identify such future work; the end of the Discussion is generally a better place than the Conclusions for such a statement.

    8. References cited should consist almost exclusively of primary literature. Citing one’s own abstracts, guidebooks, or other gray literature should be considered unacceptable, except for matters such as sample-locality descriptions or to establish chronologic priority (and in this case, mentioning the abstracts and presentations in Acknowledgments may be sufficient). Work that remains exclusively in abstract form after many years has never been peer-reviewed, and is therefore not suitable material to be cited in a peer-reviewed journal. If a body of unpublished (non-peer-reviewed) work (available only as abstracts, guidebooks, or other gray literature) describes no results significantly different from those reported in peer-reviewed papers by other authors, then there is no reason to cite the gray literature. Only if the manuscript under consideration claims as original to itself inferences or conclusions also stated in unpublished work is there potential infringement of the priority of the gray literature. Citing abstracts, guidebooks, or other gray literature by others is an act of desperation that should only be allowed under extreme circumstances. Absent conflicts of priority, we do not convey proper scholarship to our readers (especially students or the public) by citing work that was never peer-reviewed and thereby elevating it to the level of other citable, peer-reviewed work. If previous work is publishable and citable, is should be published so it can be cited. Otherwise, as far as the refereed literature is concerned, the previous work does not exist. Also, authors and reviewers alike should beware of erroneously elevating gray literature by citing peer-reviewed secondary literature (e.g., review papers, or refereed papers that used non-refereed gray literature as part of their basis for drawing inferences). Misconceptions can be introduced into and propagated through the peer-reviewed literature by citing secondary papers that depend on non-peer-reviewed gray literature for some of the primary data, observations, or previous conclusions. This weakens the authority of peer-reviewed literature, and therefore should be avoided.

    FORMAT



    LENGTH


    Manuscripts should generally be no more than 10,000 words long (plus figures and tables). Authors of larger manuscripts should contact the Editor for advice. In the submittal letter, authors must state that the manuscript has not been published previously, is not currently submitted for publication elsewhere, wholly or in part, nor will it be submitted elsewhere while in the review process for CLAYS AND CLAY MINERALS. The letter must also state that all authors have seen and approved the final version of the manuscript.

    Unsolicited book reviews should not be submitted.


    ABSTRACT


    See item 2 (above for the required elements of an Abstract.


    KEY WORDS


    List up to ten Key Words in alphabetical order for subject indexing.


    FORM OF MANUSCRIPT


    Manuscripts must be double-spaced on standard 8.5 x 11 inch or A4 pages. Use wide margins of at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) and a font size of 12 points. Do not right-justify type. CLAYS AND CLAY MINERALS welcomes manuscripts from all countries, but the texts must be in English. All submitted manuscripts should have been reviewed by a colleague for whom English is a first language (this is a very important point – please pay close attention). Pages must be numbered. Include line numbers which run continuously from the start to the end of the manuscript. Group figures, Tables and their captions together at the end of your manuscript. Do not intersperse them throughout the paper.

    TEXT


    Text must be in a concise and readily understandable style (see “style” section below). Sufficient detail must be included to enable other investigators to repeat the work. However, extremely detailed technical descriptions of the methods used should only be given when such methods are not published elsewhere or represent a new approach. Contributors may indicate the approximate position desired within the text for each figure and table, but figures and tables must be provided separately.


    Style and Nomenclature


    New mineral names require the approval of the IMA Commission on New Mineral Names. Mineral nomenclature and terminology must conform to IMA, CMS Nomenclature Committee, and AIPEA Nomenclature Committee guidelines. SI units are mandatory, but angstrom (Å) and bar (b) may be used also if usage is consistent within the manuscript. Footnotes should be used sparingly. For the first time an acronym (e.g. TEM) is used (both in the Abstract and in the Text), spell in full and place the acronym in parentheses. Thereafter, use the acronym only. Polytype symbols (e.g. muscovite-2M1) should have the letter only in italics. Latin terms (e.g., etc., et al., i.e.) are in italics. The symbols ‘‘M’’ for ‘‘molar’’ and ‘‘N’’ for ‘‘normal’’ are not italic. Use I-S and not I/S for illite-smectite interstratification. Use d001 where 1 is a number, but d00l where l is a letter, in this case "el". Use “sheet,” not “layer,” when referring to the octahedral or tetrahedral sheet; use “layer,” not “sheet,” when referring to the unit obtained with the unification of the tetrahedral and octahedral sheets. Use “organo-clay” rather than “organoclay” or “organo clay.”

    The Editor-in-Chief further emphasizes the following points of style:

    a. A comma must be inserted before “and” or “or” when three or more items are listed in a series. If series are nested, semi-colons should be used to separate the items in the first-level series.

    b. Avoid writing in the first person, i.e., avoid using personal pronouns I, we, our, my, etc.

    c. Avoid starting a sentence with “it” (unless “it” clearly refers to an antecedent noun) or “there” and avoid using phrases like “there is,” “there are,” “there was,” “there were,” “there has,” “there have,” “it is/was/has” (unless “it” clearly refers to an antecedent noun), “it seems/appears/. . . ,” etc. While spoken and casual English use these phrases extensively, scientifically written English should be more succinct.

    d. Generally speaking, use “since” only when referring to time rather than as a conjunction in place of “because.”

    e. Use American English spellings. Examples: aluminum, not aluminium; color, not colour; behavior, not behaviour; stabilize, not stabilise; acknowledgments, not acknowledgements; etc.

    f. Use past tense verbs when describing methods, observations, results, and conclusions; use present tense only when referring to something that is widely accepted or generally considered to be true.

    g. When referring to States or Provinces, spell out the name rather than using postal code abbreviations (e.g., Illinois, not IL), unless it is a specific postal address being given (e.g., Urbana, IL 61801 USA).

    h. When reporting experimental data that are listed in a table or displayed in a figure, the preferred style is to describe the data, but identify the corresponding table or figure using parentheses instead of explicitly within the sentence. For example: “Experimental measurements of x (Figure A) revealed that . . . .”; rather than, “Experimental measurements of x are given in Figure A. These results revealed that . . . .”

    i. When using qualifying words, such as “however,” “therefore,” etc., insert this word within the sentence rather than beginning the sentence with it.

    j. The abbreviation “ca.” (abbreviation for circa) refers to time, not to quantity.

    k. If using “either,” use “or,” if using “neither,” combine with “nor.”

    l. Don’t begin a sentence with a number (e.g., use “Twenty” instead of “20”).

    m. Be careful to match the number (singular vs. plural) of articles, subjects, and verbs.

    n. When referring to an element that may exist in more than one oxidation state, and the oxidation state is being specified, use the superscript Arabic valence number, e.g., Fe3+; if in a complex or solid state, use the Roman Numeral in parentheses, e.g., Fe(III).

    Headings



    First-order headings (INTRODUCTION, DISCUSSION, etc.) are in all capital lettering and centered on the page. Second-order headings should be in lower case, italicized, and placed at the left-hand margin of the page. Third-order headings are italicized and placed at the beginning of the paragraph.

    Equations


    Chemical and mathematical equations are to be set from the text above and below by centering on the line, provided with a sequence number in parentheses, such as (1), and with each new symbol defined immediately below in the text.


    References



    References are cited in the text by the name of the author and the year of publication, e.g. Noh (1998) or Brandt and Kydd (1998). For references with more than two authors, use ‘‘et al." as in White et al. (1992). Citations in parentheses must include a comma, e.g. (White et al., 1992). Full references are listed alphabetically by author at the end of the paper and with the year in parentheses. For several publications of an author with different co-authors the following order must be followed: (a) publications of the author alone, in chronological order; (b) publications of the author with a single co-author, in alphabetical order of co-authors; (c) publications of the author with more than one co-author, in chronological order (as they are cited in the form ‘Jones et al.‘ in the text). The name of the author is given surname first, followed by a comma and the initials, with each initial followed by a period and without a space between initials. Do not abbreviate journal names. Volume numbers are in bold. For example:


    Jahren, J.S. (1991) Evidence of Ostwald ripening related recrystallizations of chlorites from reservoir rocks offshore Norway. Clay Minerals, 26, 169–178.

    Koizumi, M. and Roy, R. (1959) Synthetic montmorillonoids with variable exchange capacity. American Mineralogist, 44, 788–805.

    Reynolds, R.C. (1980) Interstratified clay minerals. Pp. 249–303 in: Crystal Structures of Clay Minerals and their X-ray Identification (G.W. Brindley and G. Brown, editors). Monograph 5, Mineralogical Society, London.

    Weaver, C.E. and Pollard, L.D. (1973) The Chemistry of Clay Minerals. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

    Kalt, A. (1968) Une silice hydratée cristallisée: Préparation, structure, propriétés chimiques. PhD thesis, Univ. Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France, 197 pp.

    Personal communications or other unpublished observations may be cited in the text, such as: (J. Jones, pers. comm., 1996) or (J. Jones, unpublished data, 1996). These citations should not be included in the reference list, but the address of the person (e.g. J. Jones) referred to in the communication may be given in the Acknowledgments at the discretion of the author.

    TABLES AND ILLUSTRATIONS

    Figures and tables should be kept to a minimum and will only be published if essential. Authors should use footnotes to the tables to provide ancillary information rather than add such text to the title. Figures: (i) line art should be black on a white background. Authors should give some consideration to the size of the lettering used because most figures are reduced for publication. Times New Roman and Helvetica, or equivalent typefaces, must be used for the lettering on the figures. Unless absolutely necessary, italic or bold characters should be avoided. Adjacent gray scales should differ by at least 20% to ensure sufficient contrast; (ii) half-tone plates (photographs) should be submitted as grayscale tiff images. The standard of all the figures must be equivalent to that of a professional draftsman or photographer. Unsatisfactory diagrams will be returned to authors for redrawing. Authors must submit electronic versions of figures.

    The units on the axis labels of figures should follow the axis label and be enclosed in parentheses, e.g., “Axis Label (units)”, not “Axis Label/units.”


    Specific instructions for electronic forms of artwork

    a. The following formats are acceptable: .tif, .bmp, .eps, .ai (Adobe Illustrator) and .cdr (Corel Draw). Do not send figures which are embedded in MS-Word or other Microsoft files.

    b. Line diagrams must be saved as 1-bit, i.e. bitmapped, or as vector images. Drawings which include gray shading must be saved as grayscale images. Photographs (otherwise known as halftones) must be saved as grayscale images. Unless the editor has agreed with the author that colour publication is essential, and a means of paying for reproduction of the image in color has been confirmed, do not save your files as color images. This makes the files unnecessarily large. If we are to print a figure in color, use CYMK as the colour type rather than RGB.

    c. Clays and Clay Minerals will publish your figures in color in both the online and print versions. For online publication, there is no charge for colour; for print publication, a charge is imposed. The cost depends on a number of factors, but a reasonable estimate is that the first page in colour will cost ~$400 and subsequent pages ~$100 each.

    c. Line diagrams and grayscale drawings must have a resolution of at least 600 dpi. Photographs (halftones) must have a resolution of at least 300 dpi. (This applies whether color is involved or not.)

    d. Bear in mind that the physical size of reproduction of an image and its resolution work hand in hand. An image which has a resolution of 600 dpi, but which is saved at 2 cm wide, will only have a resolution of 120 dpi if it is to be published at 10 cm width.

    e. For legends and other labeling on figures, use Arial or similar sans-serif font. Keep in mind the final size of reproduction of the figure when choosing the font size, i.e. make sure that the final size will be neither too big nor too small, and try to achieve some consistency between each of your figures. Do not use italic for anything other than variables. Do not italicize Greek letters.

    f. When creating your e-files remember to embed all fonts in all figures (e.g. in Corel Draw and Adobe Illustrator). If you don’t, we won’t be able to read any text you add to the figures unless your fonts match exactly those we have on our computers.

    g. Remember, if the images you send do not look clear and sharp to you, they won’t be usable for publication. If you are unable to match these instructions exactly and produce clear sharp images at the appropriate resolution etc., then please arrange, at an early stage, to create high-quality printed versions of your figures (print them from the original software in which they were created on high-quality glossy paper) and send separately, to the editor.



    SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS (PeerTrack)


    All manuscripts must be submitted at http://www.edmgr.com/ccm/; this is PeerTrack, our online manuscript submission and tracking system.

    A. The first choice to make in the online submission system is “Article type”. Contributions may be: (1) “Articles” on original research or reviews on subjects of interest to the international community of clay scientists; (2) “Fast-track articles” on original research or reviews on subjects of interest to the international community of clay scientists (read more in the next paragraph); (3) Book reviews (unsolicited reviews should not be submitted); (4) “Review Articles”; (5) “Letters” to the editor commenting on papers published The Clay Minerals Society and the Editors of Clays and Clay Minerals appreciate the value to authors of timely review and decision. The Society has therefore initiated ‘Fast-Track’ option – for exceptionally well-prepared manuscripts, our goal is to complete review and decision on the initial submission within 30 days. Manuscripts submitted for ‘Fast-Track’ processing must be excellent in both style and content. To remain eligible for ‘Fast-Track’ processing, all recommendations on the originally submitted manuscript must be Accept or Minor Revision. Furthermore, a manuscript found during the first review to be deficient with respect to any ‘Fast-Track’ guidelines and criteria will be ineligible for and removed from ‘Fast-Track’ status. A manuscript receiving any recommendations of Major Revision at any stage of the review process is no longer eligible for ‘Fast-Track’ status. A manuscript that does not earn unanimous Accept recommendation after the first revision (R1) is no longer eligible for ‘Fast-Track’ status. Manuscripts that are found by reviewers and the Associate Editor to require revisions must be revised and resubmitted within 30 days, or they are no longer eligible for ‘Fast-Track’ status. Authors choosing this option should note that they will be required to confirm later in the submission process that they have checked that their manuscript complies in all respects with the points outlined in the guidance below.

    B. Authors are then required to upload a title, an abbreviated title, author names, and contact details (give as much information as possible).

    C. Next, authors are asked to select a “Section or Category” related to their manuscript. Unless your paper is related to a specific group of papers, choose “None” here.

    D. Then paste a copy of your abstract, enter key words, and select “classifications” relevant to your manuscript (these will help us to choose reviewers).

    E. In the next screen you are required to confirm that your paper complies with all of the requirements outlined in this guidance document. This is an important stage. If your paper is not presented appropriately, it will be returned to you for further work. You are also asked to confirm that there is no conflict of interest that could be perceived to bias your work and that none of the results/data/figures in this manuscript have been published or are under consideration for publication elsewhere.

    F. You are offered an opportunity to send a message to the editorial office.

    G. You are encouraged to suggest possible reviewers for your paper. Choice of appropriate reviewers will help your manuscript through the review process more quickly. We will also take into consideration your suggestions of reviewers who should not be invited to assess your manuscript.

    H. You are now required to upload the files for your paper. Follow the onscreen instructions. Make sure you place the files in the correct order (remember that figures, tables and their captions should be at the end of your manuscript, and not interspersed throughout the document).

    I. Finally, check carefully the pdf produced by PeerTrack and approve it for submission.

    REVIEW



    Manuscripts submitted to the CLAYS AND CLAY MINERALS are normally reviewed by two or more referees, an Associate Editor, the Managing Editor, and the Editor-in-Chief.

    ACCEPTED MANUSCRIPTS


    The final version of all manuscripts must be accompanied by files in appropriate formats. Microsoft Word¨ is the preferred format for the text and tables. Native CorelDraw (CDR), Adobe Illustrator (AI), bitmap (TIF), and Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) formats are acceptable for illustrations.

    COPYRIGHT


    As a result of the U.S. copyright law effective January 1, 1978, a condition of publication is that the authors or their employers grant in writing to THE CLAY MINERALS SOCIETY the copyright to the manuscript, unless the work has been done for the U.S. Government. Copyright forms will be mailed at the time of manuscript acceptance or are available from the Editorial Office upon request. All authors must sign the copyright form, unless their employer will hold the copyright. Authors (or employers, as applicable) will retain all proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent rights and the right to use all or part of the manuscript in future non-journal works of their own, such as lectures, reviews, textbooks, or books of reprints.

    OPEN ACCESS


    For CMS, the term `open access’ means the full text of an article in the journal is made free to anyone from the moment it is published. CMS will provide open access to any article posted on the CMS website, on the IngentaSelect site or on GeoScienceWorld for which an author pays the $250 per page creation cost. The author may link to this free-access article from any other site.


    The term `Self-archiving’ means the article is posted and made available on another institution's website, presumably for free to anyone. CMS will provide a pdf file for self-archiving of any article for which an author pays the $250 per page creation cost. The organization is encouraged to link to the article on the CMS site, rather than hosting the file themselves.


    Authors are allowed to post e-prints on any websites or repositories free of charge after a period of two years since the paper was first published online has expired.

    PROOFS


    Page proofs will be sent to the author specified on the title page. Authors may be billed at cost for page-proof alterations, other than typesetter’s errors. Proofs must be returned within 48 hours of receipt.


    REPRINTS (and E-PRINTS)


    A reprint (offprint) order form will be sent with the page proofs. Orders for reprints must be received prior to printing of the Issue in which the work is included. A free e-print is sent to the corresponding author at the time of publication online. Authors are free to distribute copies to interested colleagues but note that it is Clay Minerals Society policy that authors are not allowed to post e-prints on any websites or repositories for a period of two years after the paper was first published online.